大阪地裁「生活保護減額は違法」Welfare benefit cuts in Japan

Yesterday, February 22rd 2021(Coincidentally, it is the 70th anniversary of the Gyoseishsohi Laywer ), Osaka District Court ordered the cancellation of welfare benefit cuts from 2013 to 2015.

偶然にも行政書士70周年記念日でもあった昨日、令和3年2月22日、大阪地方裁判所は2013年から2015年の生活保護費減額決定の取り消しの判決を言い渡しました。

Honestly, I was astonished and impressed by the judgment because it was the first case the judge ruled in favor of welfare recipients in a series of lawsuits on the issue filed at 29 district courts across Japan.

全国29の地方裁判所に申し立てられた同様の訴訟で初の勝訴判決とあって、正直驚きましたし、感銘を受けました。

The Japanese government have cut the amount of so called ‘livelihood assistance’ under the welfare benefits which covers food, water, electricity, gas or other expenses by an average of 6.5% and as much as 10% in some cases on mainly the grounds of price plunges.

国は主に物価下落などを理由に、生活保護費のうち食費や光熱費などの生活費として支給される生活扶助費を平均6.5%、最大10%引き下げていました。

Having Sukiyaki Nabe with my kid and clients at our Gyoseishoshi Lawyer’s Office. Japanese domestic meat and vegetable are quite expensive, but I want my boy to have safer food and this wish is of most parents’ I think.

行政書士法人ひとみ綜合法務事務所にてすき焼き鍋をお客様もご一緒に。国産肉や野菜は高いですが、親は子どもに、より安全な食を願うもの。

The total amount of reductions reached as much as 67 billion yen and local governments also altered the amount of their benefit payments based on the criteria updated by the state.

削減総額はおよそ670億円にも上り、地方自治体も国が開廷した生活保護基準により支給額を変更していました。

Lawyers for the group of 42 plaintiffs including welfare recipients in Osaka Prefecture have been insisting that the cuts in the benefits violated the Japanese Constitution which guarantees all Japanese people the right to maintain the minimum standards of wholesome and cultured living.

大阪の生活保護受給者を含む42名の原告側弁護団は、生活保護費の減額は日本国民に健康で文化的な最低限度の生活を営む権利を保障する憲法に反すると主張していました。

Mr. Morigaki, the Presiding Judge concluded that the welfare benefit cuts went beyond the range of government discretionary power so they violated provisions of the public assistance law and he didn’t declare them unconstitutional.

森鍵裁判長は、生活保護費の引き下げは行政の裁量権の逸脱であり、生活保護法の規定に反すると結論付けた一方で、違憲とはしませんでした。

In handling down the ruling, the judge said that there WERE mistakes and deficiencies in the national government’s judgement process and in procedures to revise the welfare benefit criteria to reduce the amounts on the grounds of falling prices.

裁判長は判決に際し、生活保護基準改定の厚生労働省の判断の過程や手続きにおいて過誤(過失、あやまち)や欠落(見落とし)があることも示唆しました。

I, as a female Gyoseishoshi Lawyer in Japan and also a single mom with 11 years boy have been expressing concerns on my blog these benefit cuts threaten the minimum social protection for the poor particularly those with disabilities, older people, single parents and their children living in poverty.

シングルマザーでもある女性行政書士の私は、生活保護費減額は特に障害をお持ちの方、ご高齢の方、父子母子家庭の貧困層の最低限の社会保障を脅かすものとして懸念していました。

This blog I wrote about 2 years ago is written only in Japanese but I noted about some problems of taxation in Japan.

2年程前に書いたこのブログは日本語のみですが、日本の税制度の問題点を指摘しています。

上がる消費税、下がる生活保護費
(Consumption Tax Raise and Welfare Benefit Cuts)